Cameroon is a country in central west Africa. It has about 20 million people (2012). Both English and French are official languages, but the latter is dominant. Legislative elections are scheduled for April 14, 2013, for a new chamber – the Senate. It will consist of 100 members. 70 will be elected by the more than 10,000 members of the country’s 360 municipal councils with 10 coming from each of the 7 regions. The remaining 30 will be appointed by the president.
The major parties are first and foremost the Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement. It is the ruling party, and exists mainly as a vehicle for president Biya, who has ruled the country since 1982. The party has been in power since Cameroon became independent in 1960.
National Union for Democracy and Progress is a regional party with its strength in the north. It is in favor of democratic capitalism and is anti-communist. They have ruled together with the Democratic Movement for the last few years.
Social Democratic Front: Has its core constituencies in the English speaking western parts of the country. Is internationally affiliated with the Socialist International.